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Wprowadzenie i cel:
Wprowadzenie i cel pracy. Jakość życia związana ze stanem zdrowia jest uważana za istotną dla oceny stanu zdrowia w przypadku wielu chorób. U pacjentów z chorobami przewlekłymi, w tym z chorobą zwyrodnieniową stawów, należy stosować regularne pomiary jakości życia, ponieważ choroba w miarę postępu prowadzi do deficytów funkcjonalnych i bólu. Celem pracy była ocena zależności pomiędzy subiektywnym zaangażowaniem pacjentów w rehabilitację pooperacyjną a jakością ich życia po artroskopowym leczeniu choroby zwyrodnieniowej stawu kolanowego.

Materiał i metody:
Materiał i metody. Badaniem objęto 95 pacjentów po zabiegu artroskopii stawu kolanowego w przebiegu choroby zwyrodnieniowej stawów. Narzędzie badawcze składało się z 3 części: Mini-OAKHQOL, autorskiego kwestionariusza do oceny zaangażowania pacjentów w rehabilitację oraz kwestionariusza przeznaczonego do zebrania cech socjodemograficznych.

Wyniki:
Wyniki. Analiza wykazała, że respondenci najlepiej pełnili funkcję w obszarze wsparcia społecznego, a najgorzej w zakresie aktywności fizycznej. Większe zaangażowanie pacjentów w rehabilitację pooperacyjną podniosło ich jakość życia w sferze aktywności fizycznej i wsparcia społecznego, ale zmniejszyło ich aktywność zawodową. Korzystanie z urządzeń wspomagających obniżało jakość życia respondentów w zakresie wsparcia społecznego, planowania długoterminowego i wychodzenia na zewnątrz.

Wnioski:
Wnioski. Aby poprawić długoterminowe wyniki leczenia i jakość życia w wielu aspektach, konieczne jest zaangażowanie pacjentów w rehabilitację, zrozumienie przez nich działań wspomagających w rehabilitacji oraz stosowanie urządzeń wspomagających. Profesjonalna edukacja pacjentów powinna być stale prowadzona jako ważny aspekt procesu terapeutycznego i dla poprawy wyników leczenia.


Introduction and objective:
Quality of life associated with health is regarded as an essential rating of health in many illnesses. In patients with chronic diseases, including arthritis, regular quality of life measurements should be used because the disease leads to functional deficits and pain as it progresses. The aim of this study was to evaluate the relationship between patients’ subjective involvement in postoperative rehabilitation and their quality of life after arthroscopic treatment for the osteoarthritic knee.

Material and methods:
This study included 95 patients after knee arthroscopy surgery in the course of osteoarthritis. The research tool consists of 3 parts: The Mini-OAKHQoL, the authors’ questionnaire for assessing patients' involvement in rehabilitation, and a questionnaire intended for collecting the sociodemographic characteristics.

Results:
The analysis showed that the respondents had the best function in the area of social support and the worst regarding physical activity. Higher patient involvement in postoperative rehabilitation increased quality of life in the physical activity and social support domains but decreased their professional activity. Using supportive devices decreased respondents’ quality of life in terms of social support, long-term planning, and going outside.

Conclusions:
To improve long-term treatment results and quality of life in many aspects, patients' involvement in rehabilitation, understanding supportive activities in rehabilitation, and using supporting devices are necessary. Professional educational activity should be continually implemented as an important aspect of the therapeutic process and for the improvement of treatment outcomes.

 
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