6
MNiSW
58.21
ICV
PRACA ORYGINALNA
 
 

POSTAWA RODZICÓW I OPIEKUNÓW DZIECI NIEPEŁNOSPRAWNYCH I SPRAWNYCH WOBEC ZAGADNIEŃ DOTYCZĄCYCH ETIOLOGII I PROFILAKTYKI PRÓCHNICY ZĘBÓW. DONIESIENIE WSTĘPNE

 
1
Z Kliniki Rehabilitacji Narządu Żucia Katedry Protetyki Stomatologicznej UM im. Karola Marcinkowskiego w Poznaniu
2
Z Kliniki Stomatologii Zachowawczej i Periodontologii Katedry Stomatologii Zachowawczej i Periodontologii UM im. Karola Marcinkowskiego w Poznaniu
3
Z Zakładu Higieny Katedry Medycyny Społecznej UM im. Karola Marcinkowskiego w Poznaniu
4
Z Studenckiego Koła Naukowego przy Klinice Rehabilitacji Narządu śucia UM im. Karola Marcinkowskiego w Poznaniu
MONZ 2009;15(4):526–538
SŁOWA KLUCZOWE:
STRESZCZENIE ARTYKUŁU:
Na podstawie badania ankietowego rodziców i opiekunów dzieci uczęszczających do przedszkola z oddziałami integracyjnymi i oddziałem specjalnym w Poznaniu oceniono ich poziom wiedzy w zakresie etiologii i profilaktyki choroby próchnicowej oraz ich zaangażowanie w realizowanie potrzeb zdrowotnych dzieci.

Untreated dental caries in children may, within a short period of time, lead to tooth loss. A high variation is observed in the state of dental health between non-handicapped and handicapped children, the latter being more prone to dental caries. The objective of the study was to compare the level of knowledge concerning etiology and prevention of dental caries among parents and caregivers of handicapped and non-handicapped children, as well as their commitment to fulfilling their children's health needs. The study was conducted based on an anonymous questionnaire, and involved 72 parents/caregivers of children attending Nursery School No. 116 in Poznań. The school has integrated groups, with both handicapped and non-handicapped children, as well as a unit exclusively for children with special needs. The questionnaire dealt with issues connected with general health-promoting knowledge, dietary habits, the principles of oral hygiene in children and children's visits to a dental surgery. In the majority of cases, the answers of the parents of handicapped and non-handicapped children did not significantly differ. Differences appeared in the case of questions relating to the necessity of treating primary teeth, the infectious nature of dental caries and the indications for using electric toothbrushes, where the parents of non-handicapped children considerably more often indicated the correct answers. Due to the low level of health awareness among both handicapped and non-handicapped children's parents, it is necessary to implement effective educational programmes promoting oral health among the parents/caregivers of pre-school age children.
eISSN:2084-4905
ISSN:2083-4543