PL EN
PRACA PRZEGLĄDOWA
Occurrence and pathogenicity of Borrelia miyamotoi
 
Więcej
Ukryj
1
Zakład Biologicznych Szkodliwości Zdrowotnych i Parazytologii, Instytut Medycyny Wsi im. Witolda Chodźki w Lublinie, Polska
AUTOR DO KORESPONDENCJI
Anna Sawczyn-Domańska   

Zakład Biologicznych Szkodliwości Zdrowotnych i Parazytologii, Instytut Medycyny Wsi im. Witolda Chodźki w Lublinie, Jaczewskiego 2, 20-090, Lublin, Polska
 
Med Og Nauk Zdr. 2021;27(4):343–348
 
SŁOWA KLUCZOWE
DZIEDZINY
STRESZCZENIE
Wprowadzenie i cel:
Bakterie Borrelia miyamotoi należą do grupy krętków wywołujących gorączki powrotne. Obec - nie są jedynymi znanymi bakteriami wywołującymi gorączki powrotne, transmitowanymi przez kleszcze twarde. Borrelia miyamotoi występuje powszechnie na terenie półkuli północnej i coraz częściej odnotowuje się występowanie infekcji powodowanych przez te bakterie. Celem pracy była analiza dostępnej literatury naukowej dotyczącej występowania krętków Borrelia miyamotoi w środowisku oraz przypadków infekcji powodowanych przez te krętki.

Metody przeglądu:
Przeglądu oraz analizy piśmiennictwa dokonano, przeszukując bazę danych PUBMED. W publikacji uwzględniono jedynie prace oryginalne. Z przeglądu wykluczono publikacje inne niż w języku angielskim, prace przeglądowe oraz metaanalizy.

Opis stanu wiedzy:
Głównym wektorem krętków Borrelia miyamotoi, podobnie jak w przypadku czynnika etiologicznego boreliozy z Lyme, są kleszcze z rodzaju Ixodes. Badania środowiskowe wskazują, że w krążeniu patogenów w przyrodzie znaczącą rolę odgrywają gryzonie. Pierwszy przypadek zakażenia człowieka opisano w 2011 roku w Rosji. Najczęstszymi objawami choroby są gorączka, osłabienie, ból głowy, ból mięśni i stawów, mdłości.

Podsumowanie:
W przeciwieństwie do boreliozy z Lyme, zakażenia powodowane przez krętki Borrelia miyamotoi są znacznie rzadziej diagnozowane. Liczba przypadków boreliozy Miyamotoi może być jednak niedoszacowana, gdyż dostęp zarówno do wystandaryzowanych testów serologicznych, jak i badań molekularnych jest znacznie utrudniony. Biorąc pod uwagę fakt, iż zasięg występowania Borrelia miyamotoi pokrywa się z obszarem występowania bakterii Borrelia burgdorferi, należy mieć na uwadze możliwość nabycia infekcji powodowanej przez krętki z grupy gorączek powrotnych na całym obszarze endemicznego występowania kleszczy z rodzaju Ixodes.


Introduction and objective:
Borrelia miyamotoi is a member of the relapsing fever group of Borrelia. Currently, Borrelia miyamotoi is the only relapsing fever spirochete that is transmitted by hard ticks. Borrelia miyamotoi is common in the northern hemisphere and infections caused by these spirochetes are becoming increasingly common. The study aimed to analyze the available scientific literature on the occurrence of Borrelia miyamotoi in the environment and cases of infections caused by these spirochetes.

Review methods:
The analysis of literature was performed by searching the PUBMED database. Original articles were selected for the review. Publications other than those in English, reviews and, meta-analyses were excluded from the review.

Abbreviated description of the state of knowledge:
The main vector of Borrelia miyamotoi are ticks of the genus Ixodes, which also transmit the etiologic agent of Lyme borreliosis. Environmental studies indicate that rodents play a significant role in the circulation of the pathogen in nature. The first case of human infection was described in 2011 in Russia. The most common symptoms of the disease are fever, weakness, headache, pain in muscles and joints, and nausea.

Summary:
In contrast to Lyme borreliosis, infections caused by Borrelia miyamotoi are much less frequently diagnosed. However, the number of cases of Borrelia miyamotoi disease may be underestimated, because an access to both standardized serologic tests and molecular assays is difficult. Taking into account that the range of distribution of Borrelia miyamotoi and Borrelia burgdorferi overlap, Borrelia miyamotoi infection should be considered in the entire area of endemic occurrence of Ixodes ticks.

Sawczyn-Domańska A. Występowanie i chorobotwórczość krętków Borrelia miyamotoi. Med Og Nauk Zdr. 2021; 27(4): 343–348. doi: 10.26444/monz/144719
 
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