PRACA ORYGINALNA
Aktywność fizyczna dzieci i młodzieży wiejskiej zagrożonych wystąpieniem w przyszłości zaburzeń sercowo-naczyniowych
 
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Wydział Wychowania Fizycznego i Sportu w Białej Podlaskiej, Akademia Wychowania Fizycznego Józefa Piłsudskiego w Warszawie
AUTOR DO KORESPONDENCJI
Helena Popławska
ul. Akademicka 2, 21-500 Biała Podlaska
 
Med Og Nauk Zdr. 2013;19(2):177–182
SŁOWA KLUCZOWE
STRESZCZENIE ARTYKUŁU
Wprowadzenie:
Otyłość występująca w dzieciństwie lub w wieku młodzieńczym wywołuje niepożądane konsekwencje zdrowotne w wieku dorosłym, w tym wiele zaburzeń sercowo-naczyniowych.

Cel pracy:
Celem pracy była ocena aktywności fizycznej dzieci i młodzieży wiejskiej w grupach wydzielonych na podstawie obwodu talii.

Materiał i metody:
Badaniami objęto dzieci i młodzież w wieku 10–19 lat uczęszczających do wiejskich szkół podstawowych, gimnazjalnych i ponadgimnazjalnych powiatu bialskiego. Przebadano 1291 uczniów, w tym 660 chłopców i 631 dziewcząt. W pracy zastosowano metodę sondażu diagnostycznego, wykorzystując autorską ankietę, dzięki której uzyskano dane dotyczące aktywności fizycznej. Badanym zmierzono również obwód talii, który umożliwił podział na grupy (grupa I niezagrożona wystąpieniem w przyszłości zaburzeń sercowo-naczyniowych, grupa II – zagrożona) na podstawie wartości progowych ustalonych przez Katzmarzyka i wsp.1

Wyniki:
Chłopcy i dziewczęta z grupy zagrożonej wystąpieniem w przyszłości zaburzeń sercowo-naczyniowych wykazywali mniejsze zainteresowanie udziałem w pozalekcyjnych i pozaszkolnych zajęciach sportowych i mniej czasu przeznaczali na te zajęcia. Wystąpiło zróżnicowanie w wybieranych formach aktywności fizycznej pomiędzy grupą I i II. Mniejszy odsetek chłopców z grupy II preferował grę w piłkę, bieganie i pływanie; natomiast wśród dziewcząt bieganie, jazdę na rolkach i grę w piłkę. Nie wykazano różnic w uczestnictwie w lekcjach wychowania fizycznego pomiędzy wydzielonymi grupami.

Wnioski:
Przyjęcie obwodu talii jako kryterium podziału badanych na grupy zagrożoną i niezagrożoną wystąpieniem w przyszłości zaburzeń sercowo-naczyniowych umożliwiło wykazanie różnic w aktywności fizycznej badanych chłopców i dziewcząt.


Introduction:
Obesity occurring in childhood or adolescence evokes adverse health effects in adulthood, including cardiovascular disorders.

The aim of this study was to evaluate the physical activity of rural children and adolescents in groups selected based on waist circumference values.

Material and Methods:
The study covered children and adolescents at the age of 10–19 years, attending rural primary schools, gymnasiums and post-gymnasium schools in the Biała Podlaska district. In total, 1,291 pupils were evaluated in the study – 660 boys and 631 girls. Evaluation was conducted by means of a diagnostic survey, using an own-designed questionnaire which enabled the collection of information about the physical activity of the respondents. Measurements were made of waist circumference of all study participants, which enabled their division into groups (Group I – at no risk of future development of cardiovascular disorders, Groups II – at risk of future development of cardiovascular disorders) based on threshold values stipulated by Kaczmarzyk et al.1.

Results:
Boys and girls from the group at risk of development of future cardiovascular disorders declared lesser interest in participation in extra-class or extra-school sports activities, and spent less time on these activities. Differences were observed in the forms of physical activity selected by respondents from groups I and II. A lower percentage of boys from group II preferred football, running and swimming; whereas in the case of girls – running, rollerblading or football. In contrast, no differences were demonstrated between both surveyed groups in participation in physical education classes.

Conclusions:
Waist circumference as a criterion of respondents division into groups at risk and at no risk of future development of cardiovascular disorders enabled the demonstration of the differences in physical activity of the surveyed boys and girls.

 
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