PRACA ORYGINALNA
Ocena postaw studentów kierunków medycznych Warszawskiego Uniwersytetu Medycznego oraz Uniwersytetu w Bazylei wobec kształcenia kompetencji komunikacyjnych
 
Więcej
Ukryj
1
Department of Education and Research in Health Sciences, Medical University of Warsaw, Poland
AUTOR DO KORESPONDENCJI
Lucyna Barbara Iwanow   

Warszawski Uniwersytet Medyczny, Żwirki i Wigury 81, 02-091, Warszawa, Polska
 
Med Og Nauk Zdr. 2019;25(2):95–99
SŁOWA KLUCZOWE
DZIEDZINY
STRESZCZENIE ARTYKUŁU
Wprowadzenie:
Umiejętności komunikacyjne personelu medycznego w istotny sposób wpływają na efektywność procesu terapeutycznego oraz bezpieczeństwo pacjenta. Pozytywne postawy wobec nauki tych kompetencji mogą w przyszłości skutkować chęcią ich dalszego rozwoju.

Cel:
Celem pracy była ocena postaw polskich i szwajcarskich studentów kierunków medycznych wobec konieczności kształcenia w zakresie kompetencji komunikacyjnych.

Materiał i metody:
W badaniu pilotażowym wzięło udział 261 studentów Warszawskiego Uniwersytetu Medycznego (MUW) oraz Uniwersytetu w Bazylei (UB). Dobrowolne, anonimowe badanie ankietowe przeprowadzono za pomocą standaryzowanego kwestionariusza CSAS, składającego się z 26 stwierdzeń, ocenianych w pięciostopniowej skali Likerta, tworzących dwie podskale postaw – pozytywną (PAS) i negatywną (NAS). Różnicę pomiędzy postawami studentów z Polski i Szwajcarii oceniano przy użyciu testu t-Studenta.

Wyniki:
Zarówno polscy, jak i szwajcarscy studenci prezentowali neutralne postawy wobec nauki kompetencji komunikacyjnych. Przy czym postawy studentów UB były nieco bardziej pozytywne niż studentów MUW (UB: 90,4/130 vs MUW: 88,9/130, t = 2,555, p = 0,011). W odniesieniu do samooceny umiejętności komunikacyjnych uzyskane wyniki kształtowały się na niskim poziomie (średnia w przedziale od 2,2 do 2,7/5). Nie wykazano także istotnych statystycznie różnic w tym zakresie między studentami z obu krajów.


Introduction:
Communication skills of medical staff have a significant impact on the effectiveness of the therapeutic process and patient safety. Positive attitudes towards learning these competences may in the future result in a desire to develop them further.

Objective:
The aim of the study was to assess the attitude of medical students towards the development of communication skills depending on the dominant health care system – private (Switzerland) and State (Poland).

Material and methods:
The pilot study covered a population of 261 students from the Medical University of Warsaw (MUW), Poland, and University of Basel (UB), Switzerland. A voluntary and anonymous survey was carried out using a standardised CSAS questionnaire, consisting of 26 items presented in two subscales – positive (PAS) and negative (NAS), evaluated according to a 5-point Likert scale. The difference between the attitude of students from Poland and Switzerland was evaluated using the Student’s t-test together with the calculation of Cohen›s d effect size.

Results:
Polish and Swiss students presented a neutral attitude towards learning communication skills and towards their own skills in this area. At the same time, the attitudes of UB students were slightly more positive than those of MUW students (UB: 90.4/130 versus MUW: 88.9/130, t = 2.555; p = 0.011). In the area of self-assessment of communication skills, the obtained results were at a low level (average in the range from 2.2 to 2.7/5). There were no statistically significant differences in this field between students from the two countries.

 
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