The role and tasks of the midwife in the care of a patient during pregnancy complicated by intrauterine growth retardation
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Zakład Dydaktyki Ginekologiczno-Położniczej, Warszawski Uniwersytet Medyczny, Warszawa, Polska
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Małgorzata Stefaniak   

Warszawski Uniwersytet Medyczny, Litewska 14/16, 00-575, Warszawa, Polska
Med Og Nauk Zdr. 2020;26(1):17-23
Intrauterine growth retardation (IUGR) is a result of mutual influence and interaction of etiological factors. Pathological foetal development dynamic, mismatched with gestational age, is a direct threat to the viability of pregnancy and is the second most common cause of perinatal deaths in children after premature birth. One of the main principles of prophylactic management with regard to intrauterine growth retardation is the improvement of care, and factors influencing maternal health, both during the pre-conception period and during pregnancy and after childbirth.

The aim of the study is to present the role and tasks of a midwife in the care of a patient during pregnancy complicated by intrauterine growth retardation.

Brief description of the State of kknowledge.:
Given that the etiology of IUGR is subject to a multiplicity of factors, no effective method of treating IUGR has been described todate. As the accessible treatments are still limited, there exists a pressing need to seek new, effective therapeutic methods. Precise diagnostics and intensive monitoring of foetal health remain crucial.

The high risk of perinatal complications and serious consequences of premature birth make it important to provide the future mother with emotional support, and to develop a model of personalized, clinical situation-sensitive care for patients with IGUR-afflicted pregnancies.

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