The aim of the study was comparative analysis of the quality of life of patients before and after implantation of permanent pacing devices in individual health domains of the SF-36v2 Health Survey

Material and methods:
The study group included 131 patients undergoing implantation procedures of various types of pacing systems during the period from May 2016 – March 2018 at the 2nd Department of Cardiology at the Świętokrzyskie Cardiology Center in Kielce. The study was carried out by the method of a diagnostic survey using the SF-36v2 Health Survey questionnaire. The analysis was based on a comparison of survey data collected from patients admitted to the Department of Cardiology for PM / ICD / CRT implantation and information obtained within 6–12 months after the procedure. For statistical conclusions, the level of significance was set at p=0.05.

The study showed that the greatest change in quality of life after implantation according to the physical functioning subscale was observed in the case of VVI devices, and the mental health subscale in patients with CRT (p = 0.039). The vitality of all patients after implantation improved. VT: F (1; 126) = 20.99; p <0.001; ω2 = 0.14. The highest quality of life in the VT domain was observed in patients qualified for DDD pacemaker implantation, while the lowest in patients with ICD implantation (p = 0.032).

Implantation of all types of permanent pacing devices contributes to the improvement of the quality of life in the following subscales of the SF-36v2 Health Survey: physical functioning (PF), role limitation in physical functioning (RP), vitality (VT) and mental health (MH). Due to the analyzes based to-date on small patient populations, further research is needed to draw conclusions concerning other benefits and problems associated with the use of devices for continuous pacing.

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