PRACA POGLĄDOWA
Zawartość magnezu i cynku we włosach:przegląd systematyczny i metaanaliza
 
Więcej
Ukryj
1
Państwowa Szkoła Wyższa im. Papieża Jana Pawła II w Białej Podlaskiej
2
Uniwersytet Medyczny w Białymstoku
AUTOR DO KORESPONDENCJI
Iwona Anna Gładysz   

Państwowa Szkoła Wyższa im. Papieża Jana Pawła II w Białej Podlaskiej, ul. Sidorska 95/97, 21-500 Biała Podlaska, Polska
 
Med Og Nauk Zdr. 2018;24(4):241–243
SŁOWA KLUCZOWE
DZIEDZINY
STRESZCZENIE ARTYKUŁU
Wprowadzenie i cel pracy:
Pierwiastki chemiczne takie jak cynk czy magnez pełnią istotne funkcje w organizmie ludzkim, szczególnie w regulacji metabolizmu komórkowego. Zaburzenia występujące w gospodarce tymi pierwiastkami mogą prowadzić do choroby. Dobrym materiałem badawczym są włosy. Pomiar zawartości magnezu i cynku we włosach przy użyciu nowoczesnych metod może być istotnym narzędziem we wczesnym diagnozowaniu nowotworów, schorzeń neurologicznych, cukrzycy czy chorób metabolicznych. Badanie takie przeprowadzone na paznokciach lub włosach dobrze odwzorowuje przeciętną zawartość tych pierwiastków w organizmie. Celem pracy był przegląd, w oparciu o wybrane losowo pozycje z literatury, metod oznaczania magnezu i cynku we włosach stosowanych w monitorowaniu wielu chorób.

Materiał i metody:
Przeszukano bazę MEDLINE, ograniczając zakres wyszukiwania do ostatnich lat. Kryterium wyszukiwania stanowiły frazy „zinc” oraz „magnesium”, na tej podstawie do analizy zakwalifikowano 16 losowo wybranych prac dotyczących oznaczenia magnezu i cynku we włosach z podziałem na grupę badaną i kontrolną.

Wyniki:
Analizowane badania potwierdziły znamiennie niższą zawartość cynku u pacjentów chorych na cukrzycę. U prawie wszystkich przebadanych chorych autorzy analizowanych prac stwierdzali niedobory magnezu i cynku.

Wnioski:
Wykazano, że zawartości magnezu i cynku we włosach oznaczana przy pomocy różnych metod jest skutecznym sposobem pomiaru stężenia tychże pierwiastków w organizmie człowieka.


Introduction and aim:
Chemical elements, such as zinc and magnesium, perform important functions in the human body, especially in the regulation of cellular metabolism. The disturbances in the homeostasis of these elements can lead to different diseases. Hair is a good research material. Measurement of magnesium and zinc content in the hair can be an important tool in the early diagnosis of cancer, neurological diseases, diabetes or other metabolic diseases. The aim of the study was to review, based on randomly selected articles, methods for the determination of magnesium and zinc in the hair as a way of monitoring the diseases.

Material and Methods:
The MEDLINE database was searched, limiting the scope of search to recent years. The search criteria were the terms “zinc” and “magnesium”. On this basis 16 randomly selected works with randomized study and control groups, regarding the determination of magnesium and zinc in the hair, were qualified for the analysis.

Results:
The analyzed studies confirmed a significantly lower content of zinc in patients with diabetes. Authors of the analyzed works found deficiencies of magnesium and zinc among nearly all the examined patients.

Conclusions:
It was shown that the content of magnesium and zinc in hair, determined by means of various methods, is an effective way to measure the concentration of these elements in the human body.

 
REFERENCJE (27)
1.
Blaurock-Busch E, Amin OR et al. Heavy Metals and Trace Elements in Hair and Urine of a Sample of Arab Children with Autistic Spectrum Disorder. J Clin Med. 2011; vol. 6(4): 247–257.
 
2.
Elenge MM, Aubry JC et al. Heavy metal in hair samples of 109 non¬-industrial (miners) population in Katanga. Sante. 2011; Jan–Mar, 21(1): 41–46.
 
3.
Ozmen H, Akarsu S et al. The Levels of Calcium and Magnesium, and of Selected Trace Elements in Whole Blood and Scalp Hair of Children with Growth Retardation. Iran J Pediatr. 2013; Apr, 23(2): 125–130.
 
4.
Vanaelst B, Huybrechts I et al. Hair Minerals and Metabolic Health in Belgian Elementary School Girls. Biol Trace Elem Res. 2013; Mar, 151(3): 335–43.
 
5.
Ochi A, Ishimura E et al. Trace Elements in the Hair of Hemodialysis Patients. Biol Trace Elem Res. 2011; Nov, 143(2): 825–834.
 
6.
Wang CT. Li YJ et al. Correlation between the Iron, Magnesium, Potassium and Zinc Content in Adolescent Girls’ Hair and Their Academic Records. Chang Gung Med J. 2008; Jul–Aug, 31(4): 358–63.
 
7.
Czerny B, Krupka K et al. Screening of Trace Elements in Hair of the Female Population with Different Types of Cancers in Wielkopolska. Region of Poland. The Scientific World Journal. 2014. http://dx.doi. org/10.1155/2014/953181.
 
8.
Joo NS, Kim SM et al. Hair Iron and Other Minerals’ Level in Breast Cancer Patients. Biol Trace Elem Res. 2009; Summer, 129(1–3): 28–35.
 
9.
Woźniak A, Kujawa A et al. Physiological metals in the serum, hair and nails of patients with head and neck cancer. Przegl Lek. 2012; 69(10): 785–797.
 
10.
Woźniak A, Napierała M et al. Metal concentrations in hair of patients with various head and neck cancers as a diagnostic aid. Biometals. 2016; Feb; 29(1): 81–93.
 
11.
Choi WS, Kim SH et al. Relationships of Hair Mineral Concentrations with Insulin Resistance in Metabolic Syndrome. Biol Trace Elem Res. 2014; Jun, 158(3): 323–9.
 
12.
Blaurock-Busch E, Amin OR et al. Toxic Metals and Essential Elements in Hair and Severity of Symptoms among Children with Autism. J Clin Med. 2012; vol. 7(1): 38–48.
 
13.
Yasuda H, Yasuda Y et al. Estimation of autistic children by metallomics analysis. Scientific Reports; 2013. doi: 10.1038/srep01199.
 
14.
Golasik M, Przybyłowicz A et al. Essential metals profile of the hair and nails of patients with laryngeal cancer. J Trace Elem Med Bio. 2015; 31: 67–73.
 
15.
Suliburska J, Bogdański P et al. Dietary intake and serum and hair concentrations of minerals and their relationship with serum lipids and glucose levels in hypertensive and obese patients with insulin resistance. Biol Trace Elem Res. 2011; Feb, 139(2): 137–150.
 
16.
Tamburo E, Varrica D et al. Trace elements in scalp hair samples from patients with relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis. PLoS One. 2015. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.01221426.
 
17.
Cihan Y, Sözen S et al. Trace Elements and Heavy Metals in Hair of Stage III Breast Cancer Patients. Biol Trace Elem Res. 2011; Dec, 144(1–3): 360–379.
 
18.
Yin Y, Han W et al. Identification of Risk Factors Affecting Impaired Fasting Glucose and Diabetes in Adult Patients from Northeast China. Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2015; Oct 12; 12(10): 12662–78.
 
19.
Afridi HI, Kazi TG et al. Comparative metal distribution in scalp hair of Pakistani and Irish referents and diabetes mellitus patients. Clin Chim Acta. 2013; Jan 16, 415: 207–214.
 
20.
Koc ER, Ilhan A et al. A comparison of hair and serum trace elements in patients with Alzheimer disease and healthy participants. Turk J Med Sci. 2015; 45(5): 1034–1039.
 
21.
Al-Farsi YM, Waly MI et al. Levels of heavy metals and essential minerals in hair samples of children with autism in Oman: a case-control study. Biol Trace Elem Res. 2013; Feb, 151(2): 181–186.
 
22.
Takagi M, Ozawa K et al. Decreased bioelements content in the hair of patients with Fahr›s disease (idiopathic bilateral calcification in the brain). Biol Trace Elem Res. 2013; Jan, 151(1): 9–13.
 
23.
Priya MD, Geetha A. Level of trace elements (copper, zinc, magnesium and selenium) and toxic elements (lead and mercury) in the hair and nail of children with autism. Biol Trace Elem Res. 2011; Aug, 142(2): 148–158.
 
24.
Vanaelst B, Michels N et al. Cross-Sectional Relationship Between Chro¬nic Stress and Mineral Concentrations in Hair of Elementary School Girls. Biol Trace Elem Res. 2013. doi: 10.1007/s12011–013–9647–2.
 
25.
Wiechuła D, Loska K et al. Chromium, Zinc and Magnesium Concentrations in the Pubic Hair of Obese and Overweight Women. Biol Trace Elem Res. 2012; Jul, 148(1): 18–24.
 
26.
Suliburska J. A Comparison of Levels of Select Minerals in Scalp Hair Samples with Estimated Dietary Intakes of These Minerals in Women of Reproductive Age. Biol Trace Elem Res. 2013; 144: 77–85.
 
27.
Yasuda H, Tsutsui T. Assessment of Infantile Mineral Imbalances in Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASDs). Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2013; Nov, 10(11): 6027–6043.
 
eISSN:2084-4905
ISSN:2083-4543