REVIEW PAPER
Educational tasks for a nurse with respect to children with bronchial astma
 
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Katedra i Zakład Pielęgniarstwa Pediatrycznego, Wydział Pielęgniarstwa i Nauk o Zdrowiu, Uniwersytet Medyczny w Lublinie
CORRESPONDING AUTHOR
Alina Trojanowska   

Katedra i Zakład Pielęgniarstwa Pediatrycznego Wydziału Pielęgniarstwa i Nauk o Zdrowiu Uniwersytetu Medycznego w Lublinie, ul. Chodźki 2, 20-093 Lublin
 
Med Og Nauk Zdr. 2013;19(2):95–98
 
KEYWORDS
ABSTRACT
Introduction:
Bronchial asthma which, in most cases, has an allergic background, poses an increasingly serious problem for the health of children and adolescent youths. The number of children suffering from allergies is increasing worldwide. In Poland, there are almost one million children with bronchial asthma. Approximately, in each class there is at least one asthmatic. Health education is placed in the first position among the goals of asthma treatment.

Material and Methods:
The objective of study was to demonstrate the major problems of children at school age who suffer from bronchial asthma, and to present suggestions for educational solutions.

Results:
The up-to-date literature was analyzed concerning the occurrence of bronchial asthma in the population of children and adolescents, and its effect on the functioning of the children and their families, as well as modern educational programmes about bronchial asthma. At school, children are in danger of coming into contact with many allergic agents, which intensify the process of the disease or provoke the occurrence of its symptoms. Asthma is the most common cause of absence at school. If improperly cured it affects the physical efficiency of the child. Frequently, negative emotions occur, such as apprehension, anxiety, frustration, anger, and a diminished positive mood. Asthma is also the most common cause for the hospitalization of children, and the frequent cause of using additional medical help because of the exacerbation of the symptoms. Asthma is one of the major obstacles in choosing some occupations (e.g. hairdresser, chemist, gardener, baker, veterinarian). A child’s disease disturbs the functioning of the entire family. It limits the activity of the parents, burdens their psyche, and impoverishes their economical situation. Moreover, asthma lowers the quality of life of both the children and their parents.

Conclusions:
When recognized early and properly treated, asthma is completely controlled and does not restrict the normal life of a child. Modern educational programmes are supposed to enable a child to lead an active life and to obtain the therapeutic goals.

 
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