Evaluation of selected aspects of daily life and factors determining adherence to a gluten-free diet in patients with celiac disease
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Studenckie Koło Naukowe przy Zakładzie Dietetyki, Wydział Nauk o Zdrowiu, Uniwersytet Medyczny we Wrocławiu
Zakład Dietetyki, Wydział Nauk o Zdrowiu, Uniwersytet Medyczny we Wrocławiu
Dorota Różańska   

Zakład Dietetyki, Wydział Nauk o Zdrowiu, Uniwersytet Medyczny we Wrocławiu, ul. Parkowa 34, 51-616 Wrocław
Med Og Nauk Zdr. 2014;20(4):356–359
Celiac disease (CD) is a permanent intolerance of gluten. Untreated, it can lead to disorders of the gastrointestinal tract. The disease requires a diet that eliminates gluten. The use of diet can affect the quality of life in terms of social functioning and influence certain areas of life.

Assessment of the effects of a gluten-free diet on selected aspects of life and factors determining the difficulty in complying with elimination diet in patients with CD.

Material and Methods:
The study group consisted of 867 patients on a gluten-free diet, aged 2 – 77-years-old: 635 adults and 232 parents of children with CD. Data were collected with a questionnaire among users of a closed online forum for people on the gluten-free diet.

The study showed that patients felt the lack of acceptance and understanding by a part of community because of the necessity of being on a diet. Availability of special food stores, where the majority of respondents purchase their food (60%) was rated as low (47%) or very low (16%). Obstacle to maintaining a diet, next to the low availability of gluten-free products, was their high price. 60% of adults admitted consuming unallowable products, while 49% of parents confirmed that there were derogations in the diets of their children. Patients, due to diet, were forced to abandon a trip (58% of children, 51% of adults), and 48% of parents of children with CD met with refusal of admission to a nursery school.

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