Postpartum depression (PPPD) is defined as the occurrence of a depressive episode in the postpartum period, with a peak incidence between 3–6 months. It is estimated that 1 in 10 fathers are currently affected, yet most research focuses only on postpartum depression in mothers.

The aim of the study was to analyze scientific reports on paternal postpartum depression in men. The available literature on ‘postpartum depression among men’ was reviewed based on the Scopus, PubMed and OVIDMedline databases.

Brief description of the state of knowledge:
The questionnaire useiIn the diagnosis of PPPD is the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS), a screening test for postnatal depression occurring in mothers, but it has also found application in fathers

Fathers perceived a lack of perinatal health care education in relation to their needs and a shortage of specialist support. The father’s disturbed mental state prevents him from taking full responsibility for the family and places a mental strain on the mother. At the same time, a poor partner relationship is a risk factor for PPPD. Paternal PPD is a danger to newborn children who are at a critical stage of their development

Fathers should be screened for early detection of PPPD and intervention in a disorder that lacks appropriate diagnostic tools. Public awareness of PPPD is important because fathers are particularly vulnerable, and can be lacking in meeting traditional expectations and modern fatherhood tasks.

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