REVIEW PAPER
CANCER GENETICS IN PRIMARY MEDICAL CARE
 
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Z Katedry i Zakładu Genetyki Akademii Medycznej we Wrocławiu
 
Med Og. 2009;15(2):169–179
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ABSTRACT
Patients with cancer and/or their family members are an increasing group of patient in the practice of family physicians. Based on the genetic background, cancers can be divided into the following groups: 1) sporadic cancers (70-75%), 2) family cancers (about 15%) and 3) hereditary (about 5-10% of all cancers). The compilation of the thorough family history of cancer (pedigree construction and pedigree documentation) is most important for the diagnosis of a hereditary cancer syndrome. Clinical genetics of hereditary cancer is comprised of a genetic counselling, genetic diagnosis and prognosis. Hereditary susceptibility to cancers has medical and psychological implications for persons with cancer and for their family members.
 
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