PRACA POGLĄDOWA
Tradycja leczenia bańkami lekarskimi
 
Więcej
Ukryj
1
Uniwersytecki Szpital Dziecięcy, ul. Wielicka 265, 30-663 Kraków
2
China Academy of Chinese Medical Sciences, Dongzhimenneinanxiaojie Str. 16, Beijing, China
3
Shanghai University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Zhanghe Str. 528, Shanghai, China
4
Zakład Biochemii Klinicznej, Instytut Pediatrii, Collegium Medicum UJ, ul. Wielicka 265, Kraków
AUTOR DO KORESPONDENCJI
Przemysław Jan Tomasik   

Zakład Biochemii Klinicznej, Instytut Pediatrii, Collegium Medicum UJ, ul. Wielicka 265, Kraków, Department of Clnical Biochemistry, 30-663 Krakow, Polska
 
Med Og Nauk Zdr. 2018;24(4):244–250
SŁOWA KLUCZOWE
DZIEDZINY
STRESZCZENIE ARTYKUŁU
Wprowadzenie i cel pracy:
Terapia próżniowa – obok ziołolecznictwa i masażu – jest jedną z najstarszych form leczenia. Wywodzi się z czasów prehistorycznych i przetrwała niemal w niezmienionej formie do czasów współczesnych. Celem pracy była analiza historyczna terapii bańkami w Europie oraz na Bliskim i Dalekim Wschodzie.

Skrócony opis stanu wiedzy:
Terapia bańkami „suchymi” przez stulecia była preferowana na Dalekim Wschodzie, natomiast terapia bańkami „mokrymi” częściej stosowana była na Środkowym Wschodzie i w Europie. W kręgu kulturowym Zachodu bańki były ważną częścią terapii konwencjonalnej, jak i medycyny ludowej do początku XX wieku, a w Polsce i innych krajach Europy Wschodniej do końca XX wieku. W XXI wieku można zaobserwować renesans baniek w związku z zainteresowaniem tradycyjną medycyną dalekowschodnią. Obecnie w medycynie zachodniej terapia bańkami (niesłusznie) postrzegana jest jako element tradycyjnej medycyny chińskiej i uznawana jest za terapię niekonwencjonalną czy alternatywną. Na Wschodzie terapia bańkami jest nie tylko tradycją kulturową, ale też terapią wspieraną przez państwową politykę zdrowotną. W krajach takich jak Chiny, Korea i Japonia stawianie baniek jest refundowane przez tamtejsze ministerstwa zdrowia.

Podsumowanie:
Uważa się, że terapia bańkami jest uniwersalną i skuteczną metodą wspomagającą leczenie wielu chorób, zwiększającą odporność i pobudzającą przemianę materii. Stosowana jest nie tylko samodzielnie, ale również w terapiach kombinowanych. Popularności przysparzają bańkom doniesienia medialne o stosowaniu stawiania baniek przez znanych sportowców i celebrytów.


Introduction and Objective:
Vacuum therapy, next to herbal medicine and massage, is one of the oldest forms of treatment in medicine. The roots of cupping can be found in prehistory, and the technique of this therapy has remained almost unchanged until modern times. The aim of the study was analysis of the history of cupping therapy in Europe, the Middle East and Far East. A summary description of the state of the art: for centuries „dry” cups were more preferred in the Far East, while „wet” cupping was more often used in the Middle East and in Europe. In western culture, cupping was the important part of conventional therapies and folk medicine until the beginning of the 20th century, but in Poland and other Eastern European countries even until the end of the 20th century. In the 21st century, there was a revival of cupping based on the interest in Traditional Chinese Medicine. Currently in Western medicine, cupping therapy is seen (erroneously) as part of Traditional Chinese Medicine and is considered as non-conventional or alternative therapy. In Far Eastern medicine cupping is not only a cultural tradition, but it is also therapy assisted by the State health policy. In countries such as China, Korea and Japan, cupping is reimbursed by their Ministries of Health. Summary. It is believed that cupping therapy is a versatile and effective method for the treatment or co-treatment of many diseases, increases immunity and stimulates metabolism. It is used not only alone, but also in combined therapies. The recent popularity of cupping is given in media reports on the application of this therapy by famous athletes and celebrities.

 
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