State of knowledge concerrning congenital cmv infection among pregnant women and those who plan pregnancy

Narodowy Instytut Zdrowia Publicznego - Państwowy Zakład Higieny
MONZ 2017;23(3):179–184
Cytomegalovirus (CMV) is the most common cause of congenital infections worldwide. Congenital CMV infection concerns an average of 0.64% live births worldwide, the value varies depending on the tested population from 0.3% – 2.3%. Every day in the world 2500 children infected with CMV are born, and 1/5 of them die or develop permanent disability.

Review of literature concerning the current state of knowledge about congenital CMV infection, its consequences and possibilities of prevention among pregnant women and planning to become pregnant.

Brief description of the state of knowledge:
Surveys carried out in various countries revealed that most of the pregnant women or planning to become pregnant are not aware of what consequences for the fetus may have CMV infection. A high percentage of women did not know, never heard and never did not read anything about CMV infection in pregnancy. Most of the respondents could not give specific symptoms associated with congenital CMV infection, risk factors, routes of transmission and ways to prevent infection. Mental retardation and hearing loss were the most frequently indicated consequence of this infection. Among the hygienic behavior, which can prevent infection with CMV women exchanged primarily hand washing, avoiding contact with urine and children kissing on the lips.

The measures taken to prevent congenital CMV infection are still inadequate and disproportionate to the consequences posed by this infection for pregnant women and their children. Therefore, it is important to raise awareness of congenital CMV infection and its consequences, and possibilities available to prevent him not only among women planning to become pregnant or pregnant women, but the general public.

Agnieszka Trzcińska   
Narodowy Instytut Zdrowia Publicznego - Państwowy Zakład Higieny, Chocimska 24, 00-791 Warszawa, Polska
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