Overview of the female population, members of the Amazons Club and analysis of their work and financial situation before and after mastectomy
More details
Hide details
Katedra Zdrowia Publicznego, Wydział Pielęgniarstwa i Nauk o Zdrowiu, Uniwersytet Medyczny w Lublinie
Katedra i Klinika Położnictwa i Patologii Ciąży, I Wydział Lekarski, Uniwersytet Medyczny w Lublinie
Med Og Nauk Zdr. 2013;19(3):356–361
In Poland and worldwide, breast cancer is the most common malignancy among women. Every 14 women will contract the disease in their lifetime. Women struggling with breast cancer are called the Amazons. The Amazons women formed self-help, non-medical clubs.

Overview of the female population, members of the Tarnowski Amazons Club and evaluation of their occupational lives.

Material and Methods:
The study included 60 women who were asked to complete a questionnaire form designed by the author.

The average age of respondents was 61.28 years, while the average age for mastectomy surgery was 51.28 years. Over 95% of patients had undergone radical mastectomy. Nearly a half of respondents (48.3%) declared university, and 36.7% secondary education. Almost 80% of the women performed work in accordance with their education. Before surgery, 75% of the women were occupationally active. Approximately 60% of the women described their material standard prior to surgery as average (e.g. they can afford basic expenses). After surgery for breast cancer, 41.7% of the women did not return to work. As many as 48.3% of the women found that after breast surgery their financial situation deteriorated. Among the women who returned to occupational activity, 48.3% talked with their colleagues about the disease, and nearly 42% informed only few co-workers.

The Amazons clubs associate women with higher and secondary education, occupationally active, living in urban areas. After the surgery, the attitude to the Amazons in the workplace does not significantly change, and many women could count on support from their colleagues. Only 20% of the women are clearly satisfied with their occupational activity after mastectomy, and more than a half find this activity lower, compared to that before therapy for cancer. Key words: quality of life, work situation, mastectomy, female, breast cancer, support groups

Krajowy Rejestr Nowotworów.
Chwałczyńska A, Woźniewski M, Rożek-Mróz K, Malicka I. (ZakładFizjoterapii i Biomechaniki Klinicznej Wydziału Fizjoterapii AkademiiWychowania Fizycznego we Wrocławiu), „Jakość życia kobiet pomastektomii”. Wiad Lek. 2004; LVII: 5–6.
Stachyra J, Domagała W. Patologia – znaczy słowo o chorobie. Kraków2005; Tom II: 1035 – 1056.
Narodowy Program Zwalczania Chorób Nowotworowych, realizowany przez Narodowy Fundusz Zdrowia. dex?mr=b3&ms=0&ml=pl&mi=0&mx=0&mt=&my=247&ma=5225 (dostęp: 2012.04.06).
Omachel – Świątnicka B, Nowoczesne metody wykrywania raka piersi. Biospołeczne skutki mastektomii. Poznań 2001: 15 – 17.
Nowicki A, Kwasińska E, Rzepka K, Walentowicz M, Grabiec M. [The impact of illness on the emotional life of women united in „the amazons” clubs after breast cancer surgery]. Ann Acad Med Stetin. 2009; 55(3): 81–5.
Petersson LM, Wennman-Larsen A, Nilsson M, Olsson M, Alexanderson K. Work situation and sickness absence in the initial period after breast cancer surgery. Acta Oncol. 2011; 50(2): 282–8.
Johnsson A, Fornander T, Rutqvist LE, Vaez M, Alexanderson K, Olsson M. Predictors of return to work ten months after primary breast cancer surgery. Acta Oncol. 2009; 48(1): 93–8.
Kenny P, King MT, Shiell A, Seymour J, Hall J, Langlands A, Boyages J. Early stage breast cancer: costs and quality of life one year after treatment by mastectomy or conservative surgery and radiation therapy. Breast. 2000; 9(1): 37–44.
King MT, Kenny P, Shiell A, Hall J, Boyages J. Quality of life three months and one year after first treatment for early stage breast cancer: influence of treatment and patient characteristics. Qual Life Res. 2000; 9(7): 789–800.
Chwałczyńska A, Woźniewski M, Rozek-Mróz K, Malicka I. [Quality of life in women after mastectomy]. Wiad Lek. 2004; 57(5–6): 212–6.
Employment and unemployment (Labour Force Survey) [Internet]. Statistical Office of the European Communities (Eurostat). http://epp. 2010 (dostęp: 2010.06.30).
Pryce J, Munir F, Haslam C. Cancer survivorship and work: Symptoms, supervisor response, co-worker disclosure and work adjustment. J Occup Rehabil. 2007; 17: 83–92.
Taskila T, Lindbohm ML. Factors affecting cancer survivors’ employment and work ability. Acta Oncol. 2007;/46:/446 -51.
He ZY, Tong Q, Wu SG, Li FY, Lin HX, Guan XX. A comparison of quality of life and satisfaction of women with early-stage breast cancer treated with breast conserving therapy vs. mastectomy in southern China. Support Care Cancer. 2012; 20(10): 2441–9. doi: 10.1007/ s00520–011–1364–9. Epub 2012 Jan 12.