REVIEW PAPER
History of geriatrics and gerontology – from ancient times to the present day
 
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Uniwersytet Medyczny im. Karola Marcinkowskiego w Poznaniu, Polska
 
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ABSTRACT
Introduction:
This article presents the history of geriatrics and gerontology from ancient times to the present day

Description of the state of knowledge.:
The aging of organisms has been a topic of reflection since ancient times, initially by philosophers and then physicians. It is believed that the considerations of old age were initiated by Hippocrates. According to him, the aging process resulted from a gradual and progressive loss of heat from the body. In antiquity, Aristotle and Galen also dealt with considerations in this area. An important period in the development of geriatrics and gerontology were the Middle Ages and the Renaissance, in which the work of Avicenna, Roger Bacon, Gabriel Zerbi, Francois Ranchin and Francis Bacon played a significant role. It was not until the19th century that it was clearly stated that old age was not a disease in itself, and the work of French doctors (including Charles Durand-Fardel and Jean Martin Charcot) played an important role. In the 20th century, the development of geriatric medicine moved from France to the United States and Great Britain. During this period, a dispute arose, which continues to this day, whether the birthplace of modern geriatric medicine was the US or Great Britain.

Conclusions:
It is noted that with the increase in the numberof older people in the societies of many countries worldwide, the role of geriatric medicine will increase, and knowledge of its history will allow contemporary geriatrics to be viewed from a broader perspective.

 
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ISSN:2083-4543