New trends in ophthalmology – a literature review
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Uczelnia Łazarskiego, Wydział Medyczny, Polska
Uniwersytet Kardynała Stefana Wyszyńskiego, Wydział Medyczny-Collegium Medicum, Katedra Okulistyki, Polska
Centrum Medyczne Kształcenia Podyplomowego, Szkoła Zdrowia Publicznego, Zakład Zdrowia Populacyjnego, Polska
Corresponding author
Olga Adamska   

Uniwersytetu Kardynała Stefana Wyszyńskiego, Wydział Medyczny-Collegium Medicum, Zakład Okulistyki, Warszawa, Polska
Med Og Nauk Zdr. 2024;30(1):34-40
Introduction and objective:
The 21st century stimulates to bring novel solutions to initiate more effective results. Artificial intelligence, the Internet of Things, robots, etc. are a part of medicine that relieves physicians at work and supports the patient’s diagnostic-therapeutic process. The article aims to present the use of new techniques in the field of diagnostics and treatment in clinical ophthalmology.

Review methods:
The PubMed/Medline and Google Scholar databases were reviewed to identify publications on the use of new technologies in clinical ophthalmology. The analysis included publications in English and Polish published in 2012–2023. A combination of the following keywords wasused: ‘telemedicine’, ‘ophthalmology’, ‘teleophthalmology’, ‘screening for diabetic retinopathy’, ‘artificial intelligence’, and ‘artificial intelligence in ophthalmology’.

Brief description of the state of knowledge:
From a total of 152 articles identified, 28 were included in the review. New technologies were mainly used in the clinical management of patients diagnosed with retinopathy of prematurity, diabetic retinopathy, glaucoma, age-related macular degeneration, and cataracts. The implemented solutions were based on technologies in the field of artificial intelligence, machine learning, analysis of large data sets, Internet of Things, remote patient monitoring, telediagnostics, and robotic surgery. The implementation concerned the treatment of retinopathy, glaucoma, age-related macular degeneration, and cataracts.

The use of new techniques creates broad prospects for the development of services provided by ophthalmologists and better allocation of medical staff. The implementation of new digital technologies allows the reduction of waiting time for services and provide access to ophthalmological care to more patients.

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