Diabetes in Poland – public health challenges and opportunities
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School of Public Health, Medical Center for Postgraduate Education, Poland
Kuba Bartłomiej Sękowski   

School of Public Health, Medical Center for Postgraduate Education, Poland
Med Og Nauk Zdr. 2023;29(1):1–6
Introduction and objective:
Diabetes, with its medical complications and societal consequences, is one the most difficult concerns for modern society. The purpose of this narrative review is to characterize the selected public health challenges and opportunities resulting from diabetes in Poland, as well as to identify public health measures that may be adopted to lower the diabetes burden in Poland.

Review methods:
This narrative review is based on the literature about diabetes in Poland. Scientific papers on diabetes published between 1 January 2010–31 January 2023, available in the PubMed database, were identified using a combination of the following key words: ‘diabetes’, ‘Poland’, ‘public knowledge’, ‘management’ and ‘costs’. Particular attention was paid to the following diabetes-related issues: 1) current and forecast prevalence of diabetes in Poland, 2) diabetic care before and after the COVID-19 pandemic onset, 3) public knowledge of diabetes and diabetes risk factors, and 4) public health interventions to reduce the diabetes burden at the population level.

Abbreviated description of the state of knowledge:
A continuous growth of both the incidence and the prevalence of diabetes is predicted. Due to insufficient public awareness of diabetes risk factors and symptoms, and the health-debt caused by COVID-19 pandemic, a further rise in the number of diabetic complications is expected, as well as an increase in public spending on health care and social insurance systems.

Public health interventions targeted at preventing diabetes and its complications should not be confined to reducing complications and improving diabetes care, but also include a wide range of initiatives aimed at addressing the fundamental causes of diabetes. Future study should look at the cost-effectiveness of such initiatives in order to mobilize different stakeholders and society.

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