RESEARCH PAPER
Polish and Finnish nursing students’ attitudes, knowledge and skills related to research utilisation
 
More details
Hide details
1
Department of Nursing Science, University of Turku, Finland
2
Department of General Nursing, Medical University of Gdańsk, Poland
3
Welfare and Health, Satakunta University of Applied Sciences, Finland
4
Department of Mathematics and Statistics, University of Turku, Finland
5
Turku University Hospital, Turku, Finland
CORRESPONDING AUTHOR
Asta Heikkilä   

University of Turku, Department of Nursing Science, FI-20014, University of Turku, Finland
 
Med Og Nauk Zdr. 2019;25(3):181–186
KEYWORDS
TOPICS
ABSTRACT
Introduction:
Evidence-based practice and research utilisation at its core are essential for high quality patient care. In this study, research utilization is defined as a process involving acquisition, critical reading (including evaluation) and application of research knowledge. The translation of research knowledge into clinical nursing practice, however, is often hampered, primarily due to nurses’ lacking competence for research utilization.

Objective:
The aim of this study is to assess and compare graduating nursing students’ attitudes, knowledge and skills related to research utilisation in two European countries.

Material and methods:
Data was collected in Poland (n=168) and Finland (n=260) using the Competence in Research Utilisation instrument, and analysed statistically.

Results:
Students in both countries had positive attitudes to research utilisation. Polish students’ attitudes were more positive. A knowledge test revealed poor knowledge of research utilisation in both countries. Students assessed their research utilisation skills as above moderate, but Polish students rated their skills higher.

ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS
The authors wish to thank dr hab. Wiolecie MędrzyckiejDąbrowskiej and dr hab. Aleksandrze Gaworskiej-Krzemińskiej for their support of the project
 
REFERENCES (30)
1.
Melnyk BM, Gallagher-Ford L, Long LE, Fineout-Overholt E. The establishment of evidence-based practice competencies for practicing registered nurses and advanced practice nurses in real-world clinical settings: Proficiencies to improve healthcare quality, reliability, patient outcomes, and costs. Worldviews Evid Based Nurs. 2014; 1: 5–15.
 
2.
European Union. Directive 2013/55/EU of the European Parliament and of the Council. Official journal of the European Union https://eur-lex.europa.eu/LexU... n:PDF (accessed 29 May 2019).
 
3.
Kajander-Unkuri S. Nurse Competence of Graduating Nursing Students. PhD Thesis, University of Turku, Finland, 2015.
 
4.
Florczak KL. Evidence-Based Practice: What’s New Is Old. Nurs Sci Q. 2016; 29: 108–112.
 
5.
Jylhä V, Oikarainen A, Perälä M-L, Holopainen A. Facilitating evidencebased practice in nursing and midwifery in the WHO European Region. Copenhagen: World Health Organization, Regional Office for Europe, 2017. http://www.euro.who.int/__data... WH06_EBP_report_complete.pdf?ua=1 (accessed 29 May 2019).
 
6.
Heikkilä A. [Research knowledge utilisation of polytechnic nursing students on graduation]. PhD Thesis, University of Turku, Finland, 2005, [Finnish].
 
7.
Hendricks J, Cope V. Research is not a `scary` word: Registered nurses and the barriers to research utilization. Nord J Nurs Res. 2017; 37: 44–50.
 
8.
Belowska J, Panczyk M, Zarzeka A, Iwanow L, Cieślak I, Gotlib J. Promoting evidence-based practice – perceived knowledge, behaviours and attitudes of Polish nurses: a cross-sectional validation study. Int J Occup Saf Ergon. 2018; 27: 1–9.
 
9.
Leach MJ, Hofmeyer A, Bobridge A. The impact of research education on student nurse attitude, skill and uptake of evidence-based practice: a descriptive longitudinal survey. J Clin Nurs. 2016; 25: 194–203.
 
10.
Gotlib J, Belowska J, Panczyk M, Dykowska G, Wójcik GM. [Evidencebased Medicine and Evidence-based Nursing Practice – a review of the Polish scientific literature]. Problemy Pielęgniarstwa 2014; 22: 223–227, [Polish].
 
11.
Brooke J, Hvalič-Touzery S, Skela-Savič, B. Student nurse perceptions on evidence-based practice and research: an exploratory research study involving students from the University of Greenwich, England and the Faculty of Health Care Jesenice, Slovenia. Nurse Educ Today 2015; 35: e6–e11.
 
12.
Heikkilä A, Hupli M, Katajisto J, Leino-Kilpi H. Finnish graduating nursing students´ research utilization competence. J Nurs Educ Pract. 2018; 8(8): 119–127.
 
13.
Mędrzycka-Dąbrowska W, Dąbrowski S, Gutysz-Wojnicka A, Basiński, A. Polish nurses’ perceived barriers in using evidence-based practice in pain management. Int Nurs Rev. 2016; 63: 316–327.
 
14.
Keib C, Cailor S, Kiersma M, Chen AMH. Changes in nursing students’ perceptions of research and evidence-based practice after completing a research course. Nurse Educ Today. 2017; 54: 37–43.
 
15.
Florin J, Ehrenberg A, Wallin L, Gustavsson P. Educational support for research utilisation and capability beliefs regarding evidence-based practice skills: a national survey of senior nursing students. J Adv Nurs. 2012; 68: 888–897.
 
16.
Ryan E. Undergraduate nursing students’ attitudes and use of research and evidence-based practice – an integrative literature review. J Clin Nurs. 2016; 25: 1548–1556.
 
17.
Robertson DS, Felicilda-Reynaldo R. Evaluation of graduate nursing students’ information literacy self-efficacy and applied skills. J Nurs Educ. 2015; 54: S26–S30.
 
18.
Al Qadire M. Undergraduate student nurses’ knowledge of evidencebased practice: A short online survey. Nurse Educ Today 2019; 72: 1–5.
 
19.
Gotlib J, Belowska J, Panczyk M, Sienkiewicz Z, Wojcik G. [Knowledge and attitudes of nurses towards using study results in everyday clinical practice — preliminary report]. Problemy Pielęgniarstwa 2014; 22(2): 281–287, [Polish].
 
20.
Zeleníková R, Beach M, Ren D, Wolff E, Sherwood P. Faculty perception of the effectiveness of EBP courses for graduate nursing students. Worldviews Evid Based Nurs 2014; 11: 401–413.
 
21.
Lahtinen P, Leino-Kilpi H, Salminen L. Nursing education in the European higher education area – Variations in implementation. Nurse Educ Today 2014; 34: 1040–1047.
 
22.
[The Nurses and Midwives Act]. http://prawo.sejm.gov.pl/isap.... (accessed 29 May 2019), [Polish].
 
23.
Belowska J, Panczyk M, Zarzeka A, Gotlib, J. Knowledge and attitudes of nursing students towards evidence-based medicine and evidence-based nursing practice. Pol J Public Health. 2015; 125: 201–204.
 
24.
Romppanen M. [Nursing students’ significant nursing experiences and learning from them in a clinical learning environment]. PhD Thesis, University of Eastern Finland, Finland, 2011, [Finnish].
 
25.
Eriksson E, Korhonen T, Merasto M, Moisio E-L. [Nurse Professional Competence – The Future of Nursing Education Project]. Ammattikorkeakoulujen terveysalan verkosto ja Suomen sairaanhoitajaliitto ry. Porvoo: Bookwell Oy, 2015, [Finnish].
 
26.
Thorsteinsson HS. Translation and validation of two evidence-based nursing practice instruments. Int Nurs Rev. 2012; 59: 259–265.
 
27.
DeVellis RF. Scale Development: Theory and Applications. 4th ed. Sage, 2017.
 
28.
World Medical Association. Declaration of Helsinki: Ethical Principles for Medical Research Involving Human Subjects. JAMA 2013; 310: 2191–2194.
 
29.
European Commission. Europeans and their Languages. Special Eurobarometer 386, 2012. http://ec.europa.eu/COMMFrontO... publicopinion/index.cfm/Survey/getSurveyDeta... SPECIAL/surveyKy/1049 (accessed 29 May 2019).
 
30.
Competence requirements and contents for nurses in general care (180 cr) have been published]. https://blogi.savonia.fi/ylesh... yleissairaanhoitajan-180-op-osaamisvaatimuslauseet-ja-sisallotjulkaistu/ (accessed 29 May 2019), [Finnish].
 
eISSN:2084-4905
ISSN:2083-4543