Premenstrual syndrome
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Samodzielna Pracownia Medycyny Katastrof, Wydział Pielęgniarstwa i Nauk o Zdrowiu, Uniwersytet Medyczny w Lublinie
Med Og Nauk Zdr. 2011;17(3):145-147
Premenstrual syndrome – PMS is a group of troublesome symptoms of a physical, behavioural and psychological nature, regularly occurring in women during the luteal phase of the menstrual cycle and disappearing when menstruation starts. PMS occurs during the period of puberty and accompanies a woman until menopause. The symptoms are most experienced at the age 25-35 years. The article presents the etiology and clinical aspects of PMS, as well as current principles of therapy. Intensification and type of physical symptoms experienced may vary considerably among women. The physical symptoms of PMS are a significantly disturbed personal, social and occupational life. However, with the symptoms of a moderate in- tensity, these women are capable of functioning and responding to the situational stimuli. Nevertheless, there is a group of women in whom the symptoms are so strongly manifested that they make an adequate functioning in a family, society and work impossible. A severe form of the syndrome, with intensified symptoms, especially psychological, has been named premenstrual dysphoric disorder – PMDD. From 2-6% of women at reproductive age suffer from PMDD.
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