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RESEARCH PAPER
Prevalence of risk factors for cardiovascular disease among 40- and 50-year-old inhabitants of Wroclaw. Part II
 
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1
Katedra i Zakład Bromatologii i Dietetyki, Uniwersytet Medyczny we Wrocławiu
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Zakład Dietetyki, Uniwersytet Medyczny we Wrocławiu
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Katedra Żywienia Człowieka, Uniwersytet Przyrodniczy we Wrocławiu
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Centrum Kardiologiczne Pro Corde Sp. z o.o., Wrocław
 
Med Og Nauk Zdr. 2012;18(4):435–441
 
KEYWORDS
ABSTRACT
Introduction:
Co-existing risk factors for cardiovascular diseases significantly increases probability the risk of coronary heart disease than the occurrence of single risk factor.

Objective:
Assessment of prevalence of risk factors for cardiovascular disease among 40- and 50-year-old inhabitants of Wroclaw.

Material and Methods:
Study group included participants of the Cardiovascular Disease Prevention Program. Examination among 40-year-old participants were conducted between 1999-2001 and among 50-year-old between 2002-2007. Overall the study group included 1729 women and 1252 men, inhabitants of Wroclaw.

Results:
Participants with abdominal obesity had higher BMI, blood pressure, blood glucose level, total cholesterol (TC), LDL, triglycerides (TG) and lower HDL level than those without abdominal obesity. Among participants with hypertension compared with those without hypertension higher BMI, waist circumference, blood glucose level, TC and TG were observed. Among women with TC ≥190 mg/dl compared with those with TC <190 mg/dl higher blood pressure was observed. Dietary fiber intake with diet among 40-year-old women and men with TC ≥190 mg/dl was lower than among those with TC <190 mg/dl. Participants with blood glucose level ≥100 mg/dl had higher BMI, waist circumference, blood pressure and TG than those with glucose <100 mg/dl. Women who smoked cigarettes had higher TG compared with non-smokers. 50-year-old women who smoked had higher TC and LDL than non-smokers. In the diets of 40-year-old men who smoked higher percentage of energy from total fat and lower content of dietary fiber compared with non-smokers was observed, while in the diets of 50-year-old men higher content of cholesterol.

Conclusions:
Among those groups, where selected risk factors for cardiovascular disease were observed, usually higher average of waist circumference, blood pressure, TC, LDL, TG, blood glucose level, lower HDL level and lower fiber intake with diet than among participants without those risk factors were observed.

 
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