RESEARCH PAPER
Locus of control vs. dietary behaviours of junior high school students in podkarpackie voivodeship
Maria Gacek 1  
 
More details
Hide details
1
Zakład Medycyny Sportowej i Żywienia Człowieka, Akademia Wychowania Fizycznego w Krakowie
CORRESPONDING AUTHOR
Maria Gacek   

Zakład Medycyny Sportowej i Żywienia Człowieka, Akademia Wychowania Fizycznego w Krakowie, Al. Jana Pawła II 78, 31-571 Kraków
 
Med Og Nauk Zdr. 2016;22(3):235–239
 
KEYWORDS
ABSTRACT
Introduction and Objective:
Eating habits are determined among others by personality factors, including the locus of control. The aim of the research was to evaluate the frequency of consumption of selected food products depending on the locus of control (LOC) among junior high school students.

Material and Methods:
The research was carried out in a group of 300 junior high school students in Podkarpackie Voivodeship (150 boys and 150 girls). An original questionnaire for measuring food products consumption was used to evaluate eating habits, and Drwal’s Delta Questionnaire was used to measure the locus of control. The outcomes were analyzed using the M-Whitney U test, with test probability p<0.05 regarded as significant.

Results:
Statistical analysis showed that girls significantly more often consumed milk and fermented dairy products, and boys, whole meal bread, pork and energy drinks (p<0.05). Moreover, the boys had more meals a day than the girls (p<0.001). It was also demonstrated that young people with internal locus of control significantly more often consumed fruit, whole meal and white bread, muesli, eggs, pork, poultry, fish and nuts, and those with external locus of control significantly more often consumed sweet fizzy drinks and energy drinks, as well as fast food products (p<0.05). Internal locus of control was also connected with a higher number of meals eaten a day (p<0.05).

Conclusions:
Some dietary habits of junior high school students differed depending on the gender and locus of control. In that case, girls and people representing internal locus of control displayed more rational choices.

 
REFERENCES (30)
1.
Kłosiewicz-Latoszek L. Zalecenia żywieniowe w prewencji chorób przewlekłych. Probl Hig Epidemiol. 2009; 90(4): 447–450.
 
2.
Całyniuk B, Grochowska-Niedworok E, Białek A, i wsp. Piramidy żywienia – wczoraj i dziś. Probl Hig Epidemiol. 2011; 91(1): 20–24.
 
3.
Pyrzyńska E. Zalecenia żywieniowe i formy ich upowszechniania. Zesz Nauk UEK 2014; 3 (927): 75–86.
 
4.
Piramida Zdrowego Żywienia i Aktywności Fizycznej IŻŻ w Warszawie (www.izz.waw.pl).
 
5.
Remick A, Polivy J, Pliner P. Internal and external moderators of the effect of variety on food intake. Psychol Bull. 2009; 135(3): 434–451.
 
6.
Lunn TE, Nowson CA, Worsley A, et al. Does personality affect dietary intake? Nutrition. 2014; 30(4): 403–409.
 
7.
Drwal R. Adaptacja kwestionariuszy osobowości. Wybrane zagadnienia i techniki. PWN, Warszawa 1995.
 
8.
Omidvar N, Ghazi-Tabatabaie M, Eghtesadi S, et al. Psychosocial corre¬lates of low fruit and vegetable intake among adolescent boys and girls in Tehran, Iran. Ecol Food Nutr. 2003; 42(6): 385–397.
 
9.
de Bruijn GJ, Brug J, Van Lenthe FJ. Neuroticism, conscientiousness and fruit consumption: exploring mediator and moderator effects in the theory of planned behaviour. Psychol Health. 2009; 24(9): 1051–1069.
 
10.
Gacek M. Dietary habits and locus of control assessed in middle-school pupils from the Malopolska region of Poland. Rocz Panstw Zakl Hig. 2013; 64 (2): 129–134.
 
11.
Gacek M. Locus of control and dietary behavior in a group of profes¬sional team sports athletes. Med Sport. 2013; 29(4): 111–117.
 
12.
Wanat G, Grochowska-Niedworok E, Kardas M, i wsp. Nieprawidłowe nawyki żywieniowe i związane z nimi zagrożenie dla zdrowia wśród młodzieży gimnazjalnej. Hygeia Public Health. 2011; 46(3): 381–384.
 
13.
Wolańska D. Evaluation of diets of young people aged 13–15 from rural areas in Karpatian province in terms of diet-related disease risk in adulthood. Gastroenterol Pol. 2011; 18(4): 141–146.
 
14.
Sitko DM, Wojtaś A, Gronowska-Senger A. Sposób żywienia młodzieży gimnazjalnej i licealnej. Rocz Panstw Zakl Hig. 2012; 63(3): 319–327.
 
15.
Stefańska E, Falkowska A, Ostrowska L. Wybrane zwyczaje żywieniowe dzieci i młodzieży w wieku 10–15 lat. Rocz Panstw Zakl Hig. 2012; 63(1): 91–98.
 
16.
Całyniuk B, Zołoteńska-Synowiec M, Grochowska-Niedworok E, i wsp. Częstotliwość spożycia mleka i produktów mlecznych przez młodzież w wieku 16–18 lat. Probl Hig Epidemiol. 2015; 96(1): 240–244.
 
17.
Gerrits JH, O’Hara RE, Piko BF, et al. Self-control, diet concerns and eater prototypes influence fatty foods consumption of adolescents in three countries. Health Educ Res. 2010; 25(6): 1031–1041.
 
18.
Cardoso Lde O, Alves LC, Castro IR, et al. Use of the Grade of Mem¬bership method to identify consumption patterns and eating behaviors among adolescents in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. Cad Saude Publica 2011; 27(2): 335–346.
 
19.
Sumonja S, Novaković B. Determinants of fruit, vegetable, and dairy consumption in a sample of schoolchildren, northern Serbia, 2012. Prev Chronic Dis. 2013; 31(10): E178. doi: 10.5888/pcd10.130072.
 
20.
Nielsen SJ, Rossen LM, Harris DM, et al. Fruit and vegetable consump¬tion of U.S. Youth, 2009–2010. NCHS Data Brief 2014; 56(156): 1–8.
 
21.
Walther J, Aldrian U, Stuger HP, et al. Nutrition, lifestyle factors, and mental health in adolescents and young adults living in Austria. Int J Adolesc Med Health 2014; 26(3): 377–386.
 
22.
Toselli S, Argnani L, Canducci E, et al. Food habits and nutritional status of adolescents in Emilia-Romagna, Italy. Nutr Hosp. 2010; 25(4): 613–621.
 
23.
Agostoni C, Brighenti F. Dietary choices for breakfast in children and adolescents. Crit Rev Food Sci Nutr. 2010; 50(20): 120–128.
 
24.
Li M, Dibley MJ, Sibbritt DW, et al. Dietary habits and overweight/ obesity in adolescents in Xi’an City, China. Asia Pac J Clin Nutr. 2010; 19(1): 76–82.
 
25.
Arechavala T, Continente X, Perez-Gimenez A, et al. Food consump¬tion frequency and excess body weight in adolescents in the context of financial crisis in Barcelona (Spain). Gac Sanit 2016; pii: S0213– 9111(16)30042–5. doi: 10.1016/j.gaceta.2016.03.013.
 
26.
Łagowska K, Woźniewicz M, Jeszka J. Porównanie nawyków żywie¬niowych młodzieży z uwzględnieniem płci oraz poziomu aktywności fizycznej. Rocz Panstw Zakl Hig. 2011; 62(3): 335–342.
 
27.
Gacek M. Spożycie napojów w grupie juniorów młodszych trenujących piłkę nożną – niektóre uwarunkowania osobnicze. Probl Hig Epidemiol. 2013; 94(2): 286–290.
 
28.
Junger M, van Kampen M. Cognitive ability and self-control in relation to dietary habits, physical activity and bodyweight in adolescents. Int J Behav Nutr Phys Act. 2010; 23(7): 22–26.
 
29.
Pearson N, Ball K, Crawford D. Predicators of changes in adolescents’ consumption of fruits, vegetables and energy-dense snacks. Br J Nutr. 2011; 105(5): 795–803.
 
30.
Gacek M, Frączek B. Nutritional evaluation of junior football players depending on the global level of self-efficacy of the athletes. Med Spor¬tiva. 2013; 17(2): 72–75.
 
eISSN:2084-4905
ISSN:2083-4543