RESEARCH PAPER
The influence of socio-economic variables on the occurrence of anxiety and depression disorders in women with the female genital tract tumours
 
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1
Department of Obstetric Care Basic, Faculty of Health Sciences, Collegium Medicum in Bydgoszcz, Nicolaus Copernicus University in Toruń, Poland
2
Department of Oncology, Radiotherapy and Gynecologic Oncology, Collegium Medicum Ludwika Rydygiera in Bydgoszcz, Faculty of Health Sciences, Nicolaus Copernicus University in Toruń, Poland
3
Department of Psychiatric Nursing, Department of Conservative Nursing, Collegium Medicum Ludwika Rydygiera in Bydgoszcz, Faculty of Health Sciences, Nicolaus Copernicus University in Toruń, Poland
CORRESPONDING AUTHOR
Agnieszka Dombrowska-Pali   

Pracownia Podstaw Opieki Położniczej,Collegium Medicum im. Ludwika Rydygiera w Bydgoszczy, Wydział Nauk o Zdrowiu, Uniwersytet Mikołaja Kopernika w Toruniu, Łukasiewicza 1, 85-821, Bydgoszcz, Polska
 
Med Og Nauk Zdr. 2019;25(2):88–94
KEYWORDS
TOPICS
ABSTRACT
Objectives:
Objectives.The aim of the study was to examine the level of anxiety and depression in female patients with genital tract tumours depending on socio-economic conditions, including: education, type of work performed, financial and housing situation.

Material and methods:
The research was conducted in the Gynaecological Oncology Clinic,at the Franciszek Łukaszczyk Oncology Centre in Bydgoszcz. The study was carried out on 73 patients with female genital tract tumours qualified for surgical treatment. The Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS) and an own personal questionnaire were used in the study. P≤ 0.05 was considered statistically significant.

Results:
Analysis of research showed that socio-economic conditions influenced the occurrence of anxiety and depression disorders. The unemployed patients displayed a higher level of anxiety and depression compared to a group of patients performing intellectual and mixed work (mental and physical). In the examined group, the financial and housing situation also affects the level of anxiety and depression. Patients presenting a good financial situation had a statistically significantly lower level of anxiety and depression compared to patients with a medium financial situation. Analyzing the housing situation – patients with a very good housing situation had a lower level of anxiety and depression than patients with a good housing situation. There was no relationship between education and the occurrence of anxiety and depression in the study group.

Conclusions:
Healthcare personnel should pay particular attention to unemployed patients whose financial and housing situation is unsatisfactory. This is a higher-risk group of patients who have a more significant risk of occurrence or intensification of depression and anxiety disorders.

 
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