Psycho-social consequences of incontinence
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Samodzielna Pracownia Umiejętności Położniczych Wydział Pielęgniarstwa i Nauk o Zdrowiu UM w Lublinie
Studentka Wydziału Pielęgniarstwa i Nauk o Zdrowiu, UM Lublin
Katedra i Klinika Ginekologii i Endokrynologii Ginekologicznej Wydziału Pielęgniarstwa i Nauk o Zdrowiu UM Lublin
Anna Pilewska - Kozak   

Katedra i Klinika Ginekologii i Endokrynologii Ginekologicznej, Uniwersytet Medyczny w Lublinie, al. Racławickie 23, 20-904 Lublin, Polska
Med Og Nauk Zdr. 2014;20(2):136–140
Incontinence, due to the character of symptoms and their frequency, poses a serious medical and social problem for one third of the female population affected. Objective. The purpose of study was to present the psycho-social consequences of incontinence among females.

Material and Methods:
The purpose of study was to present the psycho-social consequences of incontinence among females. Material and methods. A survey was conducted in a group of 213 females with the symptoms of incontinence during the period of five months in 2012. The respondents were treated at the Urodynamic Outpatient Clinic NZOZ CenterMed, Lublin. The survey was conducted using a 3-part questionnaire constructed by the author, Gaudenz’s and King’s Heath. The investigated parameters were statistically compared.

The respondents were 19 – 87-years-old, more than half of whom, i.e. 109 women (51.2%), were aged 4 1–60 years. The results revealed that a considerable part of them did not discuss the problem with their partners – 35 women (16.4%), or the husband was unaware of the problem – 28 women (13.2%). According to more than a half of the respondents, incontinence had a great (72; 33.8%) or very great (79; 37.1%) effect on their wellbeing. Statistical analysis found a significant (p<0.05) correlation between the place of residence and respondents’ age and household activity, physical activity, traveling, relationship with their partners, and sexual life. Moreover, age affected the general evaluation of state of health, social contact, sleep pattern and self-esteem.

1. Incontinence considerably affected the psychological condition of the women in the survey, and produced negative emotions manifested as anxiety, nervousness, fear, and led to lowered self-esteem and sense of worse general wellbeing. 2. The social consequences of incontinence result in limited social contacts, reduced physical activity, difficulties in everyday activities, no possibility of unlimited traveling and worsened relationships with partners

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