Polish version of The Attitudes to Chocolate Questionnaire (ACQ)
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Zakład Psychologii Medycznej, Warszawski Uniwersytet Medyczny
Mariusz Jaworski   

02-091 Warszawa, ul. Żwirki i Wigury 81a, Poland
Med Og Nauk Zdr. 2013;19(4):549–555
The growing trend of chocolate consumption due to its stimulant, euphoric and antidepressant properties contributes to the prevalence of the phenomenon of emotional eating, which can have adverse health consequences.

The aim of this study was to adapt the English version of the questionnaire entitled “The attitudes to chocolate questionnaire (ACQ)” developed by Benton et al. to Polish conditions. This questionnaire assesses individual differences in emotional eating and chocolate consumption desire.

Material and Methods:
We conducted a language validation of the original version of ACQ, followed by psychometric validation according to international standards. The study group was composed of 160 individuals with normal body weight. The consumption and desire to consume chocolate were measured. SPSS Statistics 17.0 was used for statistical analyzes.

As a result of factor analysis using the principal components method we identified three main factors: 1) a sense of guilt, 2) emotional eating, and 3) desire for chocolate. In addition, two supplementary questions were introduced to the questionnaire. Sense of guilt scale is connected with the experience of negative consequences after eating chocolate. Emotional eating scale applies to chocolate consumption under stress, boredom and frustration. On the other hand, the scale of the desire for chocolate assesses the intensity of thoughts and feelings associated with the desire to consume chocolate. Using one-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) it was found that the values of the scales chocolate desire and emotional eating depend on the frequency of chocolate consumption.

The Polish version of ACQ is characterized by high validity and reliability of all subscales. This proves the questionnaire to be a valid and reliable research tool.

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