RESEARCH PAPER
Waiving of obligation to obtain patient’s consent to participate in a medical experiment
 
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Wydział Prawa, Uniwersytet Medyczny w Białymstoku
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Zakład Zdrowia Publicznego, Uniwersytet Medyczny w Białymstoku
CORRESPONDING AUTHOR
Dorota Huzarska   

Zakład Zdrowia Publicznego, Uniwersytet Medyczny w Białymstoku, ul. Szpitalna 37, 15-295 Białystok
 
Med Og Nauk Zdr. 2016;22(2):108–112
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ABSTRACT
Purpose:
The objective of the article is to present, analyze and evaluate legal regulations which are in effect in Poland regarding the possibility to waive the obligation to obtain a patient’s consent to participate in a medical experiment. The discussion made herein is aimed at finding the answer to the question whether the aforesaid legal regulations are clear, do not raise any concerns and constitute a sufficient guarantee that the rights of the participants in a medical experiment shall be respected.

Material and Methods:
The source material used in the article is the Medical Profession Act of 5 December 1996. The research method applied herein is a dogmatic-legal approach which consists in analyzing applicable legal regulations. The discussion of the content of legal provisions is accompanied by an overview of the doctrine.

Findings:
The applicable legal regulations in Poland which allow the possibility to waive the obligation to obtain consent to participate in a medical experiment are vague and imprecise. Their wording may raise a number of doubts. This poses a danger of discrepant interpretations, which seems to be unacceptable in view of the importance of the subject matter.

Conclusions:
Apparently, the legislator failed to develop suitable legal solutions regarding the possibility to conduct a medical experiment without consent, so that appropriate guarantees are provided which ensure that participants’ rights shall be respected. The application of institution in practice should take place absolutely only occasionally and in exceptional circumstances when such a need occurs, and solely when it is imposed by concern for the well-being of the participant in a medical experiment.

 
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