Introduction and objective:
Colorectal cancer continues to increase its toll and affects a growing population of young people. The solution that can effectively minimize the number of new cases is appropriate prevention and elimination of risk factors, which is why awareness is of major importance in this case. The aim of the study was to analyze the level of knowledge of young people about the risk factors and prevention of colorectal cancer.

Material and methods:
541 people aged between 18–30 living in Poland participated in the study. The research method was a diagnostic survey, and the tool was a selfwritten questionnaire. Statistical analyses were performed using IBM SPSS Statistics 25.0

A high level of knowledge was achieved by only 5.2% (n = 28) of the respondents, and a low level was found in as many as 66% (n = 357). The older the respondents, the higher their level of knowledge in the field of prevention and risk factors for colorectal cancer (p <0.001). Women and office workers had more knowledge (p <0.001). The place of residence had no influence on the level of knowledge. Over 70% of the respondents would like to broaden their knowledge about prevention and familiarize themselves with the risk factors and prevention of this cancer.

Despite many information campaigns, knowledge about the factors and prevention of colorectal cancer is insufficient. Increasing the availability of information on the subject using appropriate sources could increase the level of knowledge and thus influence health behaviour.

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