REVIEW PAPER
Physiotherapy in Kennedy’s disease
 
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Studenckie Koło Naukowe przy Katedrze i Klinice Rehabilitacji, Wydział Nauk o Zdrowiu, Śląski Uniwersytet Medyczny w Katowicach
2
Katedra i Klinika Rehabilitacji, Wydział Nauk o Zdrowiu, Śląski Uniwersytet Medyczny w Katowicach
 
Med Og Nauk Zdr. 2018;24(3):172–175
KEYWORDS:
TOPICS:
ABSTRACT:
Introduction and objectives:
Kennedy’s disease is a X-linked neurodegenerative disease which first symptoms appear around 40 years old. There is no effective therapy, but the medical and the physiotherapeutic approach is concentrated on the maintaining general fitness. The aim of this review work is the presentation of the specifity of Kennedy’s disease, the analysis of health problems and the discussion about the physiotherapy process.

State of the knowledge:
Kennedy’s disease is caused by the gene mutation of androgen receptor protein. It leads to the increase of concentration of glutamine in the androgen receptor, causing the insensitivity to the androgens. The first symptoms are the pain and the muscle cramps. The weakness and the progressive muscle atrophy of the fascial and larynx muscles causes the dysarthria and the dysfagia. The lower extremity muscle artophy forces patients to using of mobility aids. In addition to the neuromuscular symptoms, the symptoms of the androgen insensitivity syndrome like the infertility, the impotence and gynaecomastia are also showed. Although the several clinical trials, there is no effective therapy. The research concernig the process of the physiotherapy provide information about the efficacy and intensity of the physical exercises.

Summary:
Kennedy’s disease concerns the whole system, therefore the process of the physiotherapy should be based on the multidirectional action. In order to minimalise the consequences of the disease, it is necessery cooperation of the members of the medical team.

CORRESPONDING AUTHOR:
Tomasz Jurys   
Studenckie Koło Naukowe przy Katedrze i Klinice Rehabilitacji, Wydział Nauk o Zdrowiu, Śląski Uniwersytet Medyczny w Katowicach, Grażyńskiego, 46A, 4, 40-126 Katowice, Polska
 
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