Content of magnesium and zinc in hair: systematic review and meta-analysis
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Państwowa Szkoła Wyższa im. Papieża Jana Pawła II w Białej Podlaskiej
Uniwersytet Medyczny w Białymstoku
Iwona Anna Gładysz   

Państwowa Szkoła Wyższa im. Papieża Jana Pawła II w Białej Podlaskiej, ul. Sidorska 95/97, 21-500 Biała Podlaska, Polska
Med Og Nauk Zdr. 2018;24(4):241–243
Introduction and aim:
Chemical elements, such as zinc and magnesium, perform important functions in the human body, especially in the regulation of cellular metabolism. The disturbances in the homeostasis of these elements can lead to different diseases. Hair is a good research material. Measurement of magnesium and zinc content in the hair can be an important tool in the early diagnosis of cancer, neurological diseases, diabetes or other metabolic diseases. The aim of the study was to review, based on randomly selected articles, methods for the determination of magnesium and zinc in the hair as a way of monitoring the diseases.

Material and Methods:
The MEDLINE database was searched, limiting the scope of search to recent years. The search criteria were the terms “zinc” and “magnesium”. On this basis 16 randomly selected works with randomized study and control groups, regarding the determination of magnesium and zinc in the hair, were qualified for the analysis.

The analyzed studies confirmed a significantly lower content of zinc in patients with diabetes. Authors of the analyzed works found deficiencies of magnesium and zinc among nearly all the examined patients.

It was shown that the content of magnesium and zinc in hair, determined by means of various methods, is an effective way to measure the concentration of these elements in the human body.

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