CASE REPORT
Ramsay - Hunt syndrome - case report
 
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Uniwersytet Medyczny w Łodzi
2
Indywidualna praktyka lekarska
CORRESPONDING AUTHOR
Małgorzata Majka Kulińska - Michalska   

Uniwersytet Medyczny w Łodzi, Ołowiana, 44, 91-614 Łódź, Polska
 
Med Og Nauk Zdr. 2018;24(1):1–3
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ABSTRACT
Introduction:
The Ramsay-Hunt syndrome is referred to as form of ear zoster. The disease is classified as one of the infectious diseases caused by the Varicella Zoster virus. Patients who have had chickenpox are at risk of shingles in later life, which occurs when the Varicella zoster virus is reactivated. What is characteristic of infection caused by the Varicella Zoster virus is its affinity for the nervous system. Factors conducive to reactivation of the virus include age> 65 years, cancer, immune deficiency, chemotherapy, radiation therapy, immunosuppression, and HIV infection.

Brief description of state of knowledge:
A 55-year-old female patient presented with a painful right ear. The pain persisted for a few days, and was described by the patient as sharp, shooting and stabbing. In addition, she reported a single-phase, short-term episode of dizziness. Patient was healthy, with no systemic diseases. Clinical examination showed tenderness and oedema of the right ear; the auditory canal with the tympanic membrane remained unchanged. Peripheral facial nerve paralysis was also observed. The patient was diagnosed with Ramsay-Hunt syndrome.

Objective:
Presentation of a case of a 55-year-old female with Ramsay-Hunt syndrome.

Summary:
Ramsay-Hunt›s syndrome is a rare disease. Due to the possibility of life-threatening complications, such as meningitis, early diagnosis and proper therapy are important

 
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