RESEARCH PAPER
Personality determinants of the tendency to adopt the role of the victim and perpetrator of emotional abuse in a marriage
 
More details
Hide details
1
Centrum Zdrowia Publicznego i Promocji Zdrowia, Instytut Medycyny Wsi im W. Chodźki w Lublinie
2
Studium Praktycznej Nauki Języków Obcych, I Wydział Lekarski z Oddziałem Stomatologicznym, Uniwersytet Medyczny w Lublinie
3
Instytut Medycyny Wsi w Lublinie
4
Zakład Patologii i Rehabilitacji Mowy Wydziału Nauk o Zdrowiu Uniwersytetu Medycznego w Lublinie
CORRESPONDING AUTHOR
Anna Mazur   

Centrum Zdrowia Publicznego i Promocji Zdrowia, Instytut Medycyny Wsi im W. Chodźki w Lublinie
 
Med Og Nauk Zdr. 2017;23(1):39–44
KEYWORDS
ABSTRACT
Introduction and objectrive:
According to Costa and McCrae, personality encompasses five dimensions: neuroticism, extraversion, openness to experience, agreeableness and conscientiousness. They are agential structures that are responsible for the actions of every person. Thus, it can be assumed that they also determine tendencies to adopt the role of the victim and perpetrator of emotional abuse in a marriage. Emotional abuse is defined as behaviours aimed at gaining control over and subordinating another person by intimidating, humiliating and verbal insult. The aim of the study is to determine personality determinants of the tendency to adopt the role of the victim and perpetrator of emotional abuse in a marriage.

Material and Methods:
The research sample comprised 334 married people. The NEO Five -Factor Inventory (NEO-FFI) adapted by Zawadzki and Strelau and the author’s own Questionnaire for Measuring Emotional Abuse in Close Relationships were used in the research.

Results:
Personality traits that determine the tendency to adopt the role of the victim of emotional abuse in a marriage are neuroticism and introversion. The tendency to use emotional abuse towards a spouse is conditioned by high openness, extraversion, and neuroticism, as well as low agreeableness.

Conclusions:
The analyses performed in the course of the research proved that selected personality traits are predictors of the tendency to adopt the role of the victim and perpetrator of emotional abuse in a marriage. The obtained results have cognitive meaning and can be used for developing preventive and aid programmes aimed at therapeutic work with the victims and perpetrators of emotional abuse in marriages.

 
REFERENCES (25)
1.
McCrae RR, Costa PT Jr. Toward a new generation of personality theories: Theoretical contexts for the five-factor model. W: Wiggins JS, red. The five-factor model of personality: Theoretical perspectives. New York; 1996. p. 51–87.
 
2.
Costa PT Jr, McCrae RR. The NEO Personality Inventory manual. Odessa (FL) Psychological Assessment Resources, 1985.
 
3.
McCrae RR, Costa PT Jr. Validation of the five-factor model of personality across instruments and observers. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology. 1987; 52(1): 81 –90.
 
4.
McCrae RR, John OP. An introduction to the five-factor model and its applications. Journal of Personality. 1992; 60(2): 175–215.
 
5.
Costa PT Jr, McCrae RR. Neo PI-R professional manual. Odessa (FL) Psychological Assessment Resources, 1992.
 
6.
Mazur J. Przemoc w rodzinie. Teoria i rzeczywistość. Warszawa Wydawnictwo Akademickie ŻAK, 2007.
 
7.
Mellibruda J. Charakterystyka zjawiska przemocy w rodzinie. Gdańsk GWP, 2011.
 
8.
Badura-Madej W, Dobrzyńska-Masterhazy A. Przemoc w rodzinie. Interwencja kryzysowa i psychoterapia. Kraków Wydawnictwo Uniwersytetu Jagiellońskiego, 2000.
 
9.
Forward S, Torres J. Men who Hate Women and the Women Who Love Them. New York Bantam Books, 2002.
 
10.
Mellibruda J. Przeciwdziałanie przemocy domowej. Warszawa Instytut Psychologii Zdrowia, 2009.
 
11.
Mandal E. Miłość, władza i manipulacja w bliskich związkach. War¬szawa PWN, 2008.
 
12.
Tanha M, Beck CJ, Figueredo AJ, Raghavan C. Sex differences in inti¬mate partner violence and the use of coercive control as a motivational factor for intimate partner violence. J Interprets Violence. 2010; 25(10): 1836–1854.
 
13.
Mellibruda J. Rany i blizny psychiczne. Warszawa Instytut Psychologii Zdrowia, 2015.
 
14.
Mandes C. Przemoc w rodzinie. Psychoterapia sprawców i ofiar. Gdańsk GWP, 2004.
 
15.
Heszen I, Sęk H. Psychologia zdrowia. Warszawa Wydawnictwo Naukowe PWN, 2012.
 
16.
Straus H, Cerulli C, McNutt LA, Rhodes KV, Conner KR, Kemball RS, Kaslow NJ, Houry D. Intimate partner violence and functional health status: associations with severity, danger, and self-advocacy behaviors. J Womens Health (Larchmt). 2009; 18(5): 625–631.
 
17.
Ouellet-Morin I, Fisher HL, York-Smith M, Fincham-Campbell S, Moffitt TE, Arseneault L. Intimate partner violence and new-onset de¬pression: a longitudinal study of women’s childhood and adult histories of abuse. Depress Anxiety. 2015; 32(5): 316–324.
 
18.
Fleming CJE, Resick PA. Professional versus personal resource utilization in survivors of intimate partner violence. Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice, and Policy. 2016; 8(3): 319–324.
 
19.
Zawadzki B, Strelau J, Szczepaniak P, Śliwińska M. Inwentarz Osobowości NEO-FFI Costy i McCrae. Warszawa Pracownia Testów Psy-chologicznych, 1998.
 
20.
.Holland AR. Big five personality traits and relationship quality: Self-reported, observational, and physiological evidence. Journal of Social and Personality Relationships. 2008; 25(5): 811–829.
 
21.
Kuijpers KF, van der Knaap LM, Lodewijks IA. Victims’ influence on intimate partner violence revictimization: a systematic review of prospective evidence. Trauma Violence Abuse. 2011; 12(4): 198–219.
 
22.
Kanuha VK. Relationships so loving and so hurtful: the constructed duality of sexual and racial/ethnic intimacy in the context of violence in Asian and Pacific Islander lesbian and queer women’s relationships. Violence Against Women. 2013; 19(9): 1175–1196.
 
23.
Dowgilllo EA, Mènard KS, Krueger RF, Pincus AL. DSM-5 Pathological Personality Traits and Intimate Partner Violence Among Male and Female College Students. Violence Vict. 2016; 31(3): 416–437.
 
24.
Romero-Martinez A, Lila M, Moya-Albiol L. Empathy Impairments in Intimate Partner Violence Perpetrators With Antisocial and Bor¬derline Traits: A Key Factor in the Risk of Recidivism. Violence Vict. 2016; 31(2): 347–360.
 
25.
Okano M, Langille J, Walsh Z. Psychopathy, Alcohol Use, and Intimate Partner Violence: Evidence From Two Samples. Law and Human Be-havior. 2016; 21(8); 115–122.
 
eISSN:2084-4905
ISSN:2083-4543